优彩网彩票官网app-1-A-1英语:高中英语基础知识大盘点(八)

动词3

英语动词无变化的运用场合

一、动词不定式

1、动词不定式的基本方式是“to +动词原形”,有时能够不带 to 不定式表明将来的动作。动词不定式首要考察两个方面:不定式的句法功用(即作何种成分);某些固定句型。

2、不带to的不定式

1)有一些动词后用作宾语补足语的不定式一般不带to。这种动词有两类:一是感官动词,如see, hear, watch, notice等。如:

I saw him come.

I heard him sing.

另一类是某些奴役动词,如make, have, let等。如:Let him go.

They made the children work 12 hours a day.

动词help后的不定式可带to,也可不带to。如:

My parents often help me (to) do my homework.

2)两个或两个以上的不定式并排在一起时,第

一个不定式带to ,后边的不定式一般不带to

The student has decided to go to school and ask his teacher for help.

但表明比照时,则不能省to

I came not to scold you, but to praise you.

It is better to die on one's knees than to live on one's knees.

3to为不定式符号时,后接动词原形;to为介词符号时,后接动词的-ing方式;

They decided to begin the experiment at once.

to为不定式符号)

I'm looking forward to hearing from you.

to为介词符号)

二、下列情况下动词用原形

1、在神态动词如canmaymust, might, could或助动词如willshall, would, shoul猎豹q6d 等后,动词用原形。

You must wait here till they come back.

They will hold&n优彩网彩票官网app-1-A-1英语:高中英语基础知识大盘点(八)bsp;a meeting next week.

2、在had betterwould rathermay/might as well等调配之后,动词不定式也不带to

If you'd rather be alone, we'll all leave here.

假如你甘愿单独呆着,那咱们都脱离这儿。

You might as well go without her.

你们仍是不带她去为好。

留心:有些特别的神态动词后接动词原形。

特别的神态动词首要包含以下词语:(留心划线部分)

be about to do…正要做……

be likely to do可能做……

be supposed to do…应该做……

have (got) to do…不得不做……

used to do…曩昔常常做……

would/should like to do…乐意/想做……

You ought to be more careful if you want to pass the examination.

There used to be a cinema here before the war.

3、祈使句用动词原形最初。

Hurry up, or you will be late.

4、助动词do构成疑问句、否定句、倒装句或许在着重动词时,后边的动词用原形。

She did send you a letter last week.

Only then did I begin my work.

              考题精选

一、2018年高考试题

1As a kid, I loved to watch cartoons, but no matter how many times I 

asked to watching them, my parents would not to let me.(两处过错)

2018全国卷2短优彩网彩票官网app-1-A-1英语:高中英语基础知识大盘点(八)文改错)

2Some of us were confident and eager take part in the class 

activity;others were nervous and anxious.2018全国卷3短文改错)

3You don’t have to run fast or for long _____(see) the benefit. 

2018全国卷1语法填空)

4To avoid knee pain, you can run on soft surfaces, do exercises to 

_____ (strength) your leg muscles (肌肉), avoid hills and get good 

running shoes.2018全国卷1语法填空)

5The government encourages farmers to grow corn instead of rice 

_____ (improve)water quality.2018全国卷2语法填空)

6Once his message was delivered, he allowed me _____(stay) and 

watch. 2018全国卷3语法填空)

7While regularly eating out seems to _____ (become) common for 

many young people in recent years, it’s not without a cost.

2018浙江卷语法填空)

8I was afraid that to speak in front of a larger group of people.

2018全国卷3短文改错)

二、往届试题

1Besides,they often get some useful information from

the internet. When summer comes, they will invite their

students pick the vegetables2017全国卷2短文改错

2、  We can chose between staying at home and taking a

trip.2016全国卷2短文改错

3The优彩网彩票官网app-1-A-1英语:高中英语基础知识大盘点(八) air we breathe in is getting dirtier and dirtier.Many rare animals 

are dying out. We must found ways to protect our environment.

2015全国卷1短文改错

4.Wecan lie on the grass for a rest , or sat by the lake listening to 

music .2014全国卷2短文改错

5.Fat and salt are very important parts of a diet. They are 

required_____(process) the food that we eat, to recover from injury 

and for several other bodily functions. (2017全国卷1语法填空)

6.But Sarah, who has taken part in shows along with top 

models,wants_____ (prove) that she has brains as well as beauty. 

 (2017全国卷3语法填空)

7.Skilled workers also combine various hardwoods and metal ___ 

(create) special designs.(2016全国卷3语法填空)

8.If you find something you love doing outside of the office, you’ll be less likely ___(bring)your work home. (2016全国卷2语法填空)

9.When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and 

are now cold enough ______(cool) the house during the hot day.

(2015全国卷2语法填空)

10I heard a passenger behind me shouting to the driver ,

but he refused ______ (stop ) until we reached the next stop.

(2014全国卷2语法填空)

11.It took years of work _____(reduce ) the industrial

pollution and clean the water.(2014全国卷1语法填空)

12.It could beanything-gardening, cooking, music, sportsbut 

whatever it is, 70 (make) sure it’s a relief from daily stress rather

than another thing to worry about. (2016全国卷2语法填空)

13.Since the plants took a while to grow, he started cutting down 

trees ______ (sell)the wood.(语法填空)

14.I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed 

aman_____(sit) at the front.(语法填空)

15.He has a constant urge_______checkfor next messages; he 

checks his phone every five minutes!(语法填空)

16.Every individual is a member of a group called the community, 

and it is the duty of e优彩网彩票官网app-1-A-1英语:高中英语基础知识大盘点(八)very citizen _____ask what he can do for his 

community.    (语法填空)

17.A lack of confidencecan _____leada lot of suffering.(语法填空)

18.It was very kind of them to meet me at the railway station and dr优彩网彩票官网app-1-A-1英语:高中英语基础知识大盘点(八)ove 

me to their home.(短文改错

19.He would ask who we was and pretend not to knowing us.

(短文改错

20.The position of the classroom with its view made me felt like I was 

dreaming. (短文改错

办法篇

一、短文改错解题办法

1、动词不定式常作主语、宾语、宾补、定语,表语和状语(意图,原因,成果)。不定式符号to后接动词原形。

1I went backto get David and helped him to stood up.

stoodstand

2The World Health Organization and other organizations are working 

improve health all overthe world.

improve前加to

3This medicine will make you to feel better. Please take it three times a day.

去掉to

4I decided walk around a little before accepting I'd have to spend the night in a car.

walk前加to

5I'd like very much come but I have an examination on Monday morning.

come前加to

6But then there are always more mysteries look into.

look前加to

7My parents love me dearly of course and will do all they can make sure that I get a good education.

make前加to

8Jack would fly away and bring it back for us throw again.

throw前加to

9Let you to know when the book you want has been returned .

去掉to

2英语动词无变化的运用场合

1David and Idid not agree and David pointed to a path which it he thought would probably leading to a village.

leadinglead

2He told me that I'd probably had a heart attack.

had have

3You h优彩网彩票官网app-1-A-1英语:高中英语基础知识大盘点(八)ad better not to miss seeing so good a film; it is one of the best film I've ever seen.

去掉to

二、语法填空解题办法

考察动词不定式作意图状语和某些固定句型。做题时首先应确认用谓语动词仍对错谓语动词

1Since the plants took a while to grow, he started cutting down trees 

______ (sell) the wood.

句中已有谓语动词started ,而空前有没有连词,因而应该填非谓语动词to sell表明意图。

2The building _____(build) next year will be our lab building.

句中的will be是整句的谓语,所以横线地点的动词应当用作非谓语。从next year能够看出,是“将来”作的,故用不定式;且大楼是build动作的接受者,故能够判别出横线地点处用build的不定式被迫式to be built

3She wished that he was as easy_____ (please) as her mother, who 

was always delighted with perfume.

在句型“be+形容词+to do”中,不定式润饰形容词表明原因,而且习惯上用自动方式表达被迫意义,故填to please

4The hall was dark when I came in; the show was about_____ (begin).

本题考察固定调配be about to sth(正要着某事)。故填to begin

5If the answer to all those questions is yes, you had 

 better______(control ) your stress.

had better后接动词原形,故填control

6If the total stress in your life is over 150, you are twice as likely 

_______ (get )ill.

be likely to do sth归于固定调配,意思是“可能做……”,故填to get

7______(earn) some money to pay the daily expenses, I started work in a local caf as a waiter.

依据题意这儿不定式表明意图。故填To earn

8It's time for us_____(have) classes. 

本题考察固定句型It's time for sb todo sth。对或人而言该做……,故填to have

参考答案:

一、

1watchingwatch ,去掉let前的to 

2eager后加to   3tosee   4strengthen

5to improve     6tostay  7havebecome

8、去掉that

二、

1pick前加to 2chosechoose

3foundfind 4sat sit 5toimprove

6toprove 7to create 8tobring 9to cool

10tostop 11to reduce12make 13tosell

14sit/sitting 15to check 16to17lead

18drove drive 19knowing know

20felt feel